Fernando P. Carvalho is Principal Investigator (Research career) and permanent staff member of the Instituto Superior Técnico /Campus Tecnológico e Nuclear (former-ITN), Lisbon, Portugal.
As a senior researcher in the field of environmental radioactivity and radiation protection, he has been often invited as an International Expert by the International Atomic Energy Agency, European Union, and other organisms for expert missions.
In Portugal he has been member of technical groups for drafting legislation and adaptation of European Union Directives on radiation protection, and member of several international working groups on such as the European ALARA network.
Since 2005 he is in charge of the national radiological monitoring programme for the legacy uranium mining and milling sites in Portugal (60 old uranium mines), encompassing terrestrial and aquatic environments and human exposure.
From 2003 to 2007 he coordinated a major environmental radioactivity and epidemiological study (acronym MinUrar) requested by the Portuguese Government from three national laboratories, including the ITN. This study investigated the environmental contamination in the regions with past uranium-radium mining and milling activities and the effects of uranium residues on human health.
Since 2002 to 2005 he was the representative of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in the State Inter ministry Commission for environmental remediation of former mining regions.
From January 2000 to the end of 2003, he held the post of Director of the Department of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (DPRSN) of ITN. Through leading the various Sections of the DPRSN, including the management of staff and budget, he leaded scientific projects, designed the programme for the Department and presented it to the Government and to the External Advisory Board of the Institute. He also was in charge of reporting the Department activities, both in official reports and to the public. The ITN report of, with the DPRSN activities report, is available at the ITN web page (http://www.itn.pt). The names of the International Advisory Board members, then chaired by Prof. Gregory Choppin, University of Florida, USA, are given in the Annual Report. In 2001, at the national and international level, he dealt with the issue of environmental contamination and human exposure to depleted uranium (DU) from ammunitions used in the Balkan war. In the midst of the public discussions, the applicant conducted a Scientific Mission in the Balkan in January 2001 approved by the Portuguese Government, participated in television debates and press conferences, was called to hearings by the Defence Commission of the National Parliament and made the public presentation of the conclusions of the scientific mission report. An English version of the report is available at the ITN web page.
In 1997-98 he served the IAEA as Section Head of the Marine Environmental Studies Laboratory (MESL), a joint UNEP, IOC-UNESCO and IAEA laboratory in the Principality of Monaco. He was also in charge of the planning, conduction and implementation of a large IAEA coordinated research programme (CRP) on Pesticide Residues in the Tropical Environment (funded by Sweden with US$ 3 million). This CRP brought into co operation institutes and scientists from 16 countries in Europe, Latin America, Africa, and Asia and successfully met the objectives.